BFS vs. DFS
BFS

DFS

BFS Stands for “Breadth First Search”. 
DFS stands for “Depth First Search”. 
BFS starts traversal from the root node and then explore the search in the level by level manner i.e. as close as possible from the root node. 
DFS starts the traversal from the root node and explore the search as far as possible from the root node i.e. depth wise. 
Breadth First Search can be done with the help of queue i.e. FIFO implementation. 
Depth First Search can be done with the help of Stack i.e. LIFO implementations. 
This algorithm works in single stage. The visited vertices are removed from the queue and then displayed at once. 
This algorithm works in two stages – in the first stage the visited vertices are pushed onto the stack and later on when there is no vertex further to visit those are poppedoff. 
BFS is slower than DFS. 
DFS is more faster than BFS. 
BFS requires more memory compare to DFS. 
DFS require less memory compare to BFS. 
Applications of BFS
> To find Shortest path
> Single Source & All pairs shortest paths
> In Spanning tree
> In Connectivity 
Applications of DFS
> Useful in Cycle detection
> In Connectivity testing
> Finding a path between V and W in the graph.
> useful in finding spanning trees & forest. 
BFS is useful in finding shortest path.BFS can be used to find the shortest distance between some starting node and the remaining nodes of the graph. 
DFS in not so useful in finding shortest path. It is used to perform a traversal of a general graph and the idea of DFS is to make a path as long as possible, and then go back (backtrack) to add branches also as long as possible. 
Example : 
Example :

used to perform a traversal of a general graph.
The idea of DFS is to make a path as long as possible, and then go back (backtrack) to add branches also as long as possible.